World Animal Day is an international day of action for animal rights and welfare celebrated annually on October 4, and the main aim is to raise the status of animals in order to improve their welfare standards around the globe. World animal day was originated by Heinrich Zimmermann, a cynologist and he organized the first World Animal Day celebration was on March 24 1925 in Berlin, Germany. The event was first moved to October 4 in 1929 and after much tireless efforts by Zimmermann to promote the World animal day, the International Animal Protection congress in Florence, Italy in May 1931 finally accepted his proposal to make October 4 an unanimously accepted and adopted day universally.
According to the World Animal Health Organization (OIE), Terrestrial code, animal welfare means ‘the physical and mental state of an animal in relation to the conditions in which it lives and dies’. In 1965, the guiding principles which inform OIE’s work on the welfare of terrestrial animals include the ‘Five freedoms’ was developed and became widely recognized.
These five freedoms describe society’s expectations for the conditions animals should experience when under human control, namely:
1. Freedom from hunger, malnutrition and thirst: this is an expectation that animal keepers must be able to provide balanced diet and clean drinking water for their animals.
2. Freedom from fear and distress: this placed the expectation of providing security for animals by their owners and helping them maintain their emotional and psychological stability.
3. Freedom from heat stress and physical discomfort: this saddles animal owners with the responsibility of keeping their animals in a good ventilated environment that is also protected from the harsh weather conditions as well as comfortable facility and accessories.
4. Freedom from pain, injury and disease: animals are expected to be provided with quality healthcare by their owners from time to time both on prophylactic and therapeutic basis. Animals are also expected to be protected from physical assaults.
5. Freedom to express normal patterns of behavior: animals must be allowed to enjoy the fundamental right to live their life according to their normal characteristics and their owners are only expected to coordinate and control them to ensure they don’t become a nuisance.
Vetupdates campaign against brutality of animals and negligence in provision of good management. We encourage all animal stakeholders; owners and caregivers alike, to promote animal welfare and make our animals live well.
Happy world animal day celebration!